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Absinthe is historically described as a distilled, highly
alcoholic (45Ц89% ABV) beverage. It is an anise-flavoured spirit
derived from herbs, including the flowers and leaves of the herb Artemisia absinthium, commonly referred to as "grande wormwood". Absinthe traditionally
has a natural green colour but can also be colourless...
Aguardiente (Spanish), aguardente
(Portuguese) or augardente/caña (Galician) is the generic
name for alcoholic drinks between 29 and 60 percent alcohol, meaning
"firewater", or, literally "burning water"...
Akvavit (also spelled aquavit) is a
flavored spirit that is produced in Scandinavia and typically contains 40%
alcohol by volume. Its name comes from aqua vitae, the Latin for "water of
life". Akvavit, like vodka, is distilled from
either grain or potatoes. It is flavoured with herbs such as caraway seeds,
anise, dill, fennel, coriander, or "grains of paradise"...
Armagnac is a distinctive kind of brandy or
eau de vie produced in the Armagnac region in Gascony, southwest France.
It is distilled from wine usually made from a blend of grapes, using
column stills rather than the pot stills used in the production of
Brännvin, a Swedish word; the Norwegian word
the Danish word Brændevin and the Finnish word (palo)viina, are general terms
for distilled beverages from potatoes, grain and formerly wood cellulose, which
may or may not be flavored...
Brennivín is an Icelandic schnapps,
considered the country's signature alcoholic beverage. It is made from
fermented potato pulp, and flavoured with caraway seeds. It is sometimes
called svarti dauði ("black death")...
is an American whiskey, a type of distilled spirit, made primarily from
corn and named for Bourbon County, Kentucky. It has been produced since
the 18th century. It is strongly associated with the
Commonwealth of Kentucky...
Cachaça is a liquor made from fermented sugarcane. It
is the most popular distilled alcoholic beverage in Brazil. It is also known as
aguardente (aguardiente), pinga, caninha or other
names. Cachaça is mostly produced in Brazil...
Calvados is an apple brandy from the French
region of Basse-Normandie or Lower Normandy. Calvados is distilled from
specially grown and selected apples, of which there are over 200 named
varieties. It is not uncommon for a Calvados producer to use over 100
specific varieties of apple to produce their Calvados...
traditionally a clear fruit homebrew, which is sometimes called "vine vodka,"
"grape vodka," or "Georgian vodka." Chacha is made of grape pomace (grape
residue left after making wine). It can also be produced from non-ripe or
Gin is a spirit whose predominant flavor is derived from
juniper berries (Juniperus communis).
The name gin is derived from either the French genièvre or the Dutch
which both mean "juniper"...
Grappa is a fragrant grape-based pomace brandy of
between 37.5% and 60% alcohol by volume (75 to 120 US proof) of Italian origin,
similar to Spanish orujo liquor, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and
of the Republic of Georgia and Portuguese
Horilka (Ukrainian: гор≥лка) is Ukrainian
vodka. Horilka is usually distilled from grain, potatoes,
honey, sugar beets etc. The word horilka may also be used in a
generic sense in the Ukrainian language to mean whisky, or other strong
spirits and etymogically is similar to the Ukrainian word for burning -
hority. Home-distilled horilka, moonshine, is called samohon...
Jenever (also known as junever, genievre, genever, jeniever,
peket or in England as Holland gin), is the juniper-flavored and strongly
alcoholic traditional liquor of the Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France
(Nord département), from which gin evolved...
Newfoundland Screech is a particularly strong
liquor, sold in Newfoundland and originally imported from Jamaica, which
enjoys fame in many parts of Canada. In the United States, it is
available for sale in the three most northeastern states...
Orujo is a liquor obtained from the distillation of the pomace (solid
remains left after pressing) of the grape. It is a transparent spirit with an
alcohol content over 50% (100∞ proof). Its name comes from the expression
"aguardiente de orujo" (pomace eau-de-vie). It is a popular beverage
in the northwest part of Spain...
Ouzo is an anise-flavored spirit that is widely
consumed in Greece. Its taste is quite similar to arak,
zivania, or raki (in the
Levant, Cyprus, and Turkey),
Sambuca (Italy), or mastika (Chios). It can be consumed neat or mixed with water...
Pisco is a South American liquor distilled
from grapes. Developed by Spanish settlers in the sixteenth century, it
takes its name from the conical pottery in which it was originally aged,
which was also the name of one of the sites where it was produced:
Pisco, in the Viceroyalty of Peru...
Rakia (also Rakija) is fruit brandy that is produced by
distillation of fermented fruit; it is a popular beverage throughout the
Balkans, Italy, and France. Its alcohol content is normally 40% ABV, but
home-produced rakia can be stronger (typically 50% to 60%). Prepečenica
is double-distilled rakia which has an alcohol content that may exceed
Sake or saké is a Japanese alcoholic beverage made from
This beverage is called sake in English, but in Japanese, sake refers to alcoholic drinks in general. The Japanese term for this specific
beverage is Nihonshu, meaning "Japanese sake"...
Scotch whisky is whisky made in Scotland. In
Britain, the term whisky is usually taken to mean Scotch unless
otherwise specified. In other English-speaking countries, it is often
referred to as "Scotch"...
Slivovitz or Sliwowitz is a distilled beverage made from Damson
plums. It is frequently called plum brandy, and in the Balkans is part of the
category of drinks called
The word Slivovitz derives from the Serbo-Croatian (Slavic) "šljivovica"
from "šljiva"- plum...
Snaps is a Danish and Swedish word for a small shot of a strong
alcoholic beverage taken during the course of a meal. Hallands, Läckö
slottsakvavit, Bäska droppar, Herrgårdsakvavit, O.P. Anderson, and Pors
are some of the better known Swedish snaps brands...
Soju is a distilled beverage native to
Korea. Most brands of modern soju are made in South Korea. Though traditionally made
from rice, most major brands supplement or even replace the rice with other
starches such as potato, wheat, barley, sweet potato, or tapioca (called dangmil
Tequila is a Blue
Agave-based spirit made primarily in the area surrounding the city of Tequila,
65 kilometres (40 miles) northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands (Los Altos)
of the western Mexican state of Jalisco...
Ţuică (sometimes spelled tuica, tzuika,
tsuika, tsuica, or tzuica), is a traditional Romanian
alcoholic beverage, usually made from plums. "Ţuică" is officially,
after the Romanian standards for drinks, the name for the drink prepared
only from plums. Other drinks prepared from fruits, cereals, etc. are
called "rachiu" or "rachie"...
Vodka (Russian: водка) is a distilled liquor.
The name "vodka" is a diminutive form of the Russian word voda
(water), interpreted as little water. Vodka is composed solely of water and ethyl alcohol with
possible traces of impurities and flavorings...
Zivania (also Zivana) is
a traditional Cypriot beverage, a distillate produced in the island of Cyprus
from pomace, the residue of grapes that were pressed during the winemaking
process (including the stems and seeds) mixed with high-quality dry
wines produced from the local grape varieties of Cyprus...